CW Headlines

> Connor Mc Gregor and Floyd Mayweather Jr fight has been confirmed for 26th August 2017 > Frank Mir suspended for two years by USADA for doping violation....... > Connor Mc Gregor's fine & community service cut by NSAC after bottle throwing incident with Nate Diaz & is now swapping his training from MMA to solely boxing for Floyd Mayweather Jr fight....... > MMA CAGEWORLD awarded for reaching the top 50 MMA websites on the planet .............................

MMA Rules


Rules of Mixed Martial Arts

MMA rules can vary from competition to competition or country to country depending on the varying governing bodies. The following list will serve as a guide used in top level bouts.


Knockout (KO): As soon as a fighter is unconscious due to strikes, his opponent is declared the winner.

Technical Knockout (TKO):
Referee Stoppage: the referee may stop a the fight if:

A fighter is dominating the fight to the point where the opponent is unable to intelligently defend himself from the attacks.

A fighter has or appears to have developed significant injuries in the referee's view, such as a broken bone.

Doctor Stoppage:
The referee will call for a time out if a fighter's ability to continue is in question as a result of apparent injuries, such as a large cut. The ring doctor will then inspect the fighter and stop the match if the fighter is unable to continue safely, making the opponent the winner.
If the match is stopped because of an injury from illegal actions by the opponent, either a disqualification or no contest will be issued instead.
  • Corner stoppage: a fighter's corner team can announce defeat on the fighter's behalf by throwing in the towel during the fight in progress or between rounds.
  • Retirement: if a fighter feels unable to continue after the end of a round, they may inform or have their corner team inform the referee that they forfeit the contest to his opponent.
  • Submissions: a fighter may admit defeat during a match by:
    • a tap on the opponent's body;
    • a tap on the mat or floor;
    • verbal submission
Technical Submission:
 The referee may intervene and call a stop to the contest when:
  • a fighter is or appears to be unconscious from a grappling hold;
  • a fighter has or appears to have suffered a serious injury from a grappling hold.
Decisions:
If the contest goes the distance, then the outcome of the bout is determined by the three judges.
The judging criteria are organization-specific.
  • Unanimus Decision: when all three judges on the panel score the bout unanimously in favour of one fighter
  • Split Decision: if two judges on the panel score a bout in favour of one fighter, with one judge scoring the bout in favour of the other
  • Majority Decision: if two judges on the panel score a bout in favour of one fighter, with one judge scoring the bout a draw
  • Draw: if all three judges on the panel score a bout unanimously in favour of neither fighter.
  • Split Draw: if one judge on the panel score a bout in favour of one fighter, the second in favour of his opponent, and the third in favour of neither fighter
  • Majority Draw: if two judges score the bout a draw, with one judge scoring the bout in favour of one fighter
  • Technical Decision: if a fighter behind or even on points commits an intentional foul during the course of the match, and the opponent is unable to continue due to the injury or injuries inflicted by the foul at any subsequent point in the fight, the match is stopped and awarded to injured fighter
  • Technical Draw: if a fighter ahead on points commits an intentional foul during the course of the match, and the opponent is unable to continue due to the injury or injuries inflicted by the foul at any subsequent point in the fight, the match is stopped and awarded to injured fighter
  • Forfeit: a fighter or his representative may forfeit a match prior to the beginning of the match, thereby losing the match.
  • Disqualification: a "warning" will be given when a fighter commits a foul or illegal action or does not follow the referee's instruction. Three warnings will result in a disqualification. Moreover, if a fighter is injured and unable to continue due to an intentional illegal technique from his opponent, the opponent will be disqualified.
  • No Contest: in the event that both fighters commit a violation of the rules, or a fighter is unable to continue due to an injury from a accidental illegal technique, the match will be declared a "No Contest".

Fouls:
The following acts are universally considered fouls in the mixed martial arts world:
  • Headbutting
  • Eye gouging
  • Hair pulling
  • Biting
  • Fish-hooking
  • Attacking the groin
  • Strikes to the back of the head and spinal area
  • Strikes to, or grabs of the trachea
  • Small joint manipulation (control of three or more fingers/toes is necessary)
  • Intentionally throwing your opponent out of the ring/cage
  • Running out of the ring/cage
  • Purposely holding the ring ropes or cage fence
  • Grabbing or putting a hand inside the trunks or gloves of the opponent
  • Pulling or holding onto an opponent's gloves or trunks

Rounds

Every round is 5 minutes in duration with a one minute rest period in-between rounds. Non-title matches must not exceed three rounds. A title fight can be sanctioned for five rounds.

Dress Code
All competitors must fight in approved shorts, without shoes or any other sort of foot padding. Shirts or long bottoms (including gi bottoms) are not allowed. Fighters must use approved light weight gloves (4-6 ounces) that can allow fingers to grab.


Judging criteria

The ten-point must system is in effect for all fights. Three judges score each round and the winner of each receives ten points, the loser nine points or less. If the round is even, both fighters receive ten points.


Legal techniques

The Unified Rules continue to allow all elbow strikes except those hitting downwards with the point of the elbow, or those to the back of the head.


The following are fouls, as set out by the Nevada State Athletic Commission in 2005

  • Butting with the head
  • Eye gouging of any kind
  • Biting
  • Hair pulling
  • Fish hooking
  • Groin attacks of any kind
  • Putting a finger into any orifice or into any cut or laceration on an opponent.
  • Small joint manipulation
  • Striking to the spine or the back of the head
  • Striking downward using the point of the elbow
  • Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation, grabbing the trachea
  • Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh
  • Grabbing the clavicle
  • Kicking the head of a grounded opponent
  • Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent
  • Stomping a grounded opponent
  • Kicking to the kidney with the heel
  • Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck.
  • Throwing an opponent out of the ring or fenced area
  • Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent
  • Spitting at an opponent
  • Engaging in unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent
  • Holding the ropes or the fence
  • Using abusive language in the ring or fenced area
  • Attacking an opponent on or during the break
  • Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee
  • Attacking an opponent after the bell (horn) has sounded the end of a round
  • Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee
  • Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an opponent, intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or faking an injury
  • Interference by the corner
  • Throwing in the towel during competition
When a foul is charged, the referee in their discretion may deduct one or more points as a penalty. If a foul incapacitates a fighter, then the match may end in a disqualification if the foul was intentional, or a no contest if unintentional. If a foul causes a fighter to be unable to continue later in the bout, it ends with a technical decision